Prostatitis

What is the Prostate? 

The prostate is a gland located in the lower urinary tract beneath the bladder, which surrounds the urethra in men. The prostate produces the fluid component of semen which aids in its transport. It consists of smooth muscle which helps to propel semen out during ejaculation. 

A healthy prostate is the size of a large walnut and has a volume of 15-25 milliliters, however as aging occurs, the prostate slowly increases in size. 

What is Prostatitis?

Prostatitis is referred to as inflammation of the prostate gland. 

Causes

  • Infection
  • Injury
  • Immune System Disorder

Symptoms

  • Pain in the groin, pelvic area, or genitals.
  • Pain around the base of the penis or behind the scrotum.
  • Difficulty Urinating 
  • Flu-like symptoms including fever, chills, muscle aches, and joint pain.
  • Lower back pain
  • Abdominal pain
  • Weak stream of urine
  • Urinary blockage (no urine is produced during urination)
  • Urinary Urgency, particularly at night. 
  • Pain after ejaculation
  • Pain in the rectum
  • Blood in the semen
     

Risk Factors

  • You are of the age between 36 and 50. 
  • You have had a previous urinary tract infection
  • Previous injury to the groin.
  • You use a urinary catheter. 
  • You have had a prostate biopsy taken. 
  • A diagnosis of HIV/AIDS
  • You have had prostatitis previously. 

Treatment

Prostatitis may improve on its own, however if a bacterial infection is involved, antibiotics may be prescribed.